Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

Enhanced removal of tetracycline using modified sawdust: Optimization, isotherm, kinetics, and regeneration studies

(2018) Enhanced removal of tetracycline using modified sawdust: Optimization, isotherm, kinetics, and regeneration studies. Process Safety and Environmental Protection. pp. 51-60. ISSN 09575820

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Removal of antibiotics from aqueous environments is of great importance because of their potential adverse effects on living organisms and enhancement of bacterial resistance. The present study deals with tetracycline (TC) removal using sawdust modified with different agents (CaCl2, NaHCO3, HCl, and FeCl3) as a function of TC concentration (5.0 25.0 mg L 1), solution pH (3.0 2.0), adsorbent dose (1.0 5.0 g L 1), and contact time (15.0 20.0 min). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy were employed to determine the characteristics of the adsorbent. The results showed that modification with FeCl3 was the most efficient way to increase adsorptive properties of sawdust. Optimization showed the highest removal efficiency is obtained as 98.40 at initial TC concentration 12.5 mg L 1, pH 7.9, adsorbent dose = 4.8 g L 1, and contact time 118.3 min. The Fe-modified adsorbent could reduce TC in real hospital wastewater from 0.25 mg L 1 to levels not detectable by HPLC. The equilibrium data for TC adsorption were better fitted to the Freundlich model (R2 = 0.9891), while both models of pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order could well describe the kinetics of adsorption (AIC values of 18.74 and 18.32, respectively). Finally, an extensive experiment was conducted to determine single-stage regeneration of used adsorbent, showing that among 10 different regenerating solutions, distilled water (pH = 4.0) and methanol demonstrated the best results with nearly 88 reclamation of water. Based on the results, Fe-modified sawdust could be an efficient adsorbent for TC removal from aqueous solutions, even from real wastewater.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adsorption,Antibiotics removal,Modification,Regeneration,Sawdust,Tetracycline
Page Range: pp. 51-60
Journal or Publication Title: Process Safety and Environmental Protection
Journal Index: ISI, Scopus
Volume: 117
Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.psep.2018.04.007
ISSN: 09575820
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی

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