Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

Mental health among Iranian combat veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal injuries

(2017) Mental health among Iranian combat veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal injuries. Military Medical Research. ISSN 20957467


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Background: Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with a psychological disturbance or with a high percentage of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological condition of veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed between 2014 and 2016 on veterans with war-related ankle-foot injuries living in two provinces of Iran. An information form for demographic data and injury-related factors was used. Additionally, the previously validated Persian version of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R) questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: The respondents were 215 male veterans with a mean age of 51.7 ± 7.5 years. The most common mental health problems were observed for the somatization (24.7), obsessions-compulsions (14.4), and anxiety (12.6). Based on the Global Severity Index (GSI), 48.6 of individuals had a possible psychiatric/psychological illness. According to the multivariate regression analysis, GSI scores were significantly higher among veterans who were older than 27 years at the time of injury (P = 0.005), had an associated injury (P = 0.002), and had a history of hospitalization within the past 12 months for reasons other than their injury (P = 0.035). Conclusions: Approximately half of the combat veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders likely had psychological problems. The evaluation of the patterns and predicting factors of psychological conditions may inform strategic planning efforts and decision-making, which, in turn, may provide a better quality of life for veterans. Further studies that utilize longitudinal designs are needed to evaluate and compare the psychological status of different groups of veterans and other groups in the general population. © 2017 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Veterans’ health, Ankle, Foot, Mental health
Journal or Publication Title: Military Medical Research
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Identification Number: 10.1186/s40779-017-0138-1
ISSN: 20957467
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی

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