Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

Impact of Self-Efficacy Strategies Education on Self-Care Behaviors among Heart Failure Patients

(2020) Impact of Self-Efficacy Strategies Education on Self-Care Behaviors among Heart Failure Patients. The journal of Tehran Heart Center. pp. 6-11. ISSN 1735-5370 (Print) 1735-5370 (Linking)

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Background: Self-efficacy in self-care behaviors is an effective framework for measuring patients' degree of ability to perform self-care behaviors that significantly affect their recovery process and quality of life. This study was designed to investigate the effects of education based on self-efficacy strategies on self-care behaviors in heart failure patients. Methods: A semi-experimental study was conducted on 80 heart failure patients divided into 2 equal groups of test and control. The intervention group received three 60-minute practical and theoretical training sessions based on self-care and self-efficacy strategies, while the control group received the usual care services. Self-care behaviors and self-efficacy were evaluated before training, shortly after training, and 3 months after the training program using the Sullivan self-efficacy questionnaire for heart failure patients and the European self-care behaviors questionnaires. Results: The mean age of the patients was 55.00+/-8.48 and 51.61+/-8.51 years in the intervention and control groups, respectively. Women comprised 73.7 (n=59) of the study population. The mean score for the self-care and self-efficacy questionnaires in the experimental group was 23.50+/-6.58 and 18.57+/-6.64, correspondingly, before the intervention, which increased to 42.64+/-6.74 (P<0.014) and 32.29+/-7.06 (P<0.001), respectively, shortly after the intervention. A significant improvement also occurred at 3 months' follow-up (P<0.001). Self-care behaviors also revealed a positive correlation with self-efficacy shortly after the intervention (r=0.82, P<0.001) and 3 months after the intervention (r=0.85, P<0.001). Conclusion: The implementation of educational interventions based on self-efficacy strategies could have positive effects on health-promoting behaviors among heart failure patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Heart failure, Self care, Self efficacy
Page Range: pp. 6-11
Journal or Publication Title: The journal of Tehran Heart Center
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 15
Number: 1
ISSN: 1735-5370 (Print) 1735-5370 (Linking)
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی

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