Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

The Relationship Between Health Literacy Level and Self-Care Behaviors in Patients with Diabetes

(2020) The Relationship Between Health Literacy Level and Self-Care Behaviors in Patients with Diabetes. Patient related outcome measures. pp. 129-135. ISSN 1179-271X (Print) 1179-271X (Linking)

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Background: The most important factor in controlling diabetes is self-care behaviors; improving self-care behaviors is the first step in helping patients to better control and manage their diseases and health literacy is recognized as a vital and important indicator of outcomes and costs in healthcare. Therefore, the effectiveness of health-care systems requires that people have the desirable health literacy level. Therefore, this research intended to study the relationship between health literacy levels in patients with diabetes and their self-care behaviors. Patients and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted during two months on 400 patients with diabetes selected using the census method in diabetes clinics in Mashhad County. Information was collected through a demographic survey questionnaire, the Health Literacy Questionnaire and a self-care behavior questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 21 and Spearman correlation coefficient, the independent t-test, and ANOVA. Results: The total mean score for self-care was 33.52 (SD+/-13.27). There was a significant relationship between self-care and health literacy in this study (P <0.05) so that people with higher levels of self-care literacy had better self-care behaviors. There was also a significant relationship between education level and monthly income and self-care behaviors and health literacy (P <0.001). Conclusion: Patients received an average score for self-care behaviors. Given the impact of health literacy on patients' self-care behaviors, and considering its inclusion in educational, therapeutic, and caregiver programs, it is possible to reduce complications in patients, and improve their quality of life, by improving their self-care behaviors. Special attention should also be paid to health literacy levels of the audience when designing the related educational programs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: health literacy, diabetes, self-care
Page Range: pp. 129-135
Journal or Publication Title: Patient related outcome measures
Journal Index: ISI, Pubmed
Volume: 11
Identification Number: 10.2147/PROM.S243678
ISSN: 1179-271X (Print) 1179-271X (Linking)
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی

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