Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

Inducible nitric oxide synthase plays a role in depression- and anxiety-like behaviors chronically induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats: evidence from inflammation and oxidative stress

(2020) Inducible nitric oxide synthase plays a role in depression- and anxiety-like behaviors chronically induced by lipopolysaccharide in rats: evidence from inflammation and oxidative stress. Behavioural brain research. p. 112720. ISSN 1872-7549 (Electronic) 0166-4328 (Linking)

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32479854

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The effects of aminoguanidine (AG) were investigated in a rat model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animals were allocated to five groups (n = 10 in each) and treated by: (1) saline as a control group, (2) LPS 1 mg/kg injected two hours before behavioral tests, (3-5) AG 50, 100 or 150 mg/kg before LPS. The open-field test (OFT), elevated plus maze test (EPT), and forced swimming (FS) tests were performed. The brains and blood were then collected to examine oxidative stress and inflammation criteria. RESULTS: LPS increased the immobility while decreased the active time in the FS test. In EPT, LPS decreased the time spent in the open arms, whereas it increased the time spent in the closed arms. In OFT, LPS decreased the time spent in the central zone compared with the controls. A higher dose of selenium improved the performances of the rats in behavioral tests. LPS injection also increased malondialdehyde (MDA) while it decreased thiol, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase. LPS also increased interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), but decreased IL-10 in the LPS group. AG protected the brain from inflammation and oxidative damage CONCLUSION: It was demonstrated that AG improves the behaviors of depression and anxiety in a rat model of LPS-induced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. Moreover, the effects of AG were accompanied by improved inflammation and oxidative damage biomarkers in brain tissues.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Aminoguanidine; Anxiety; Depression; Lipopolysaccharide; Neuroinflammation; Oxidative stress.
Page Range: p. 112720
Journal or Publication Title: Behavioural brain research
Journal Index: Pubmed
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.bbr.2020.112720
ISSN: 1872-7549 (Electronic) 0166-4328 (Linking)
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی
URI: http://eprints.thums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2061

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