Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

Coregulation of sleep-pain physiological interplay by orexin system: An unprecedented review

(2020) Coregulation of sleep-pain physiological interplay by orexin system: An unprecedented review. Behavioural Brain Research.

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Accumulating evidence support the critical role of endogenous orexin system in modulation of various physiological functions. Among these, regulation of pain and wakefulness have extensively been investigated, however, by independent series of studies each focusing a distinct side. It is now well established that orexins induce potent analgesic effect via affecting their receptors within several specific brain structures. These mainly include locus coeruleus (LC), lateral paragigantocellularis (LPGi), ventral tegmental area (VTA), dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), periaquiductal gray (PAG) and tuberomammillary nuclei (TMN). On the other hand, increased activity of orexinergic neurons enhances general wakefulness. Interestingly, a review of literature reveals that brain regions underlying orexin-mediated analgesia are most probably the site of action for orexin wake-promoting effects as well. The present study first pieces together the existing evidence supporting the rationale for the possibility of sleep-pain coregulation by orexin system and then suggests several shared mechanisms through which orexin can control the two mentioned processes. Furthermore, this study explains how imbalanced orexinergic transmission can cause progressive dysregulation of sleep-pain processing. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Analgesia; Arousal; Nociception; Orexin; Sleep-wake cycle; Stress
Journal or Publication Title: Behavioural Brain Research
Journal Index: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Volume: 391
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.bbr.2020.112650
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی

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