Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences

microRNA-181 serves as a dual-role regulator in the development of human cancers

(2020) microRNA-181 serves as a dual-role regulator in the development of human cancers. Free Radical Biology and Medicine.

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulatory short noncoding RNAs are involved in a wide array of cellular and molecular processes. They negatively regulate gene expression and their dysfunction is correlated with cancer development through modulation of multiple signaling pathways. Therefore, these molecules could be considered as novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets for more effective management of human cancers. Recent studies have demonstrated that the miR-181 family is dysregulated in various tumor tissues and plays a pivotal role in carcinogenesis. They have been shown to act as oncomirs or tumor suppressors considering their mRNA targets and to be involved in cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, angiogenesis and drug resistance. Additionally, these miRNAs have been demonstrated to exert their regulatory effects through modulating multiple signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT, MAPK, TGF-b, Wnt, NF-κB, Notch pathways. Given that, in this review, we briefly summarise the recent studies that have focused on the roles of miRNA-181 family as the multifunctional miRNAs in tumorigenesis and cancer development. These miRNAs may serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets in human cancer gene therapy. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Biomarker; Cancer; miR-181 family; Signaling pathway
Journal or Publication Title: Free Radical Biology and Medicine
Journal Index: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.12.043
Depositing User: دکتر محبوبه عبداللهی
URI: http://eprints.thums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1877

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